The 12 Steps

The 12 Steps in a Generic Form

Online Meetings

Calendar of online meetings


Forum conversations about the 12 Steps

Brain Imaging Reveals What Causes Drug Addiction in Humans

Doctor Nora Volkow MD, research psychiatrist and scientist, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), discusses what goes in in the human brain when an individual is addicted to drugs. From the US Senate Forum on Addiction, December 2, 2014. Doctor Volkow discusses the prevalence of drug use, the economic burden of substance abuse and what science now knows about what goes on in the brain when we are addicted. She uses brain imaging to investigate the toxic effects and addictive properties of abusable drugs. She studies changes in the dopamine system which affect the functions of the frontal brain regions involved with motivation, drive and pleasure in addiction.

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Dr. Todd Carran gives an overview of the disease of addiction and briefly introduces the changes in the brain during addiction.



Dr. Todd Carran talks about the progressive pathophysiology of the brain in greater detail that occurs from mood-altering substances.



Dr. Todd Carran talks about the psychological factors that make people more susceptible to the disease of addiction.



Dr. Todd Carran talks about the medical consequences of addiction and its ability to damage every organ system in the body.



With the addiction, relapse is common and potentially deadly. Dr. Carran talks about the current state of the art of dealing with relapse.



Dr. Todd Carran talks about the correlations between smoking and addictive behaviors and the importance of giving up smoking.


Brain Disease

Dr. Nora Volkow of the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) presents a seminar on "Addiction as a Brain Disease: What Does it Mean?"


As A Disease

Dr. McCauley presents reasons to consider addiction as a disease, based on the dopamine hypothesis, and how that translates to treatment.